1. FIXING THE STRUGGLE SPACE
  2. SOLAR POLICIES ARE FALLING BEHIND – SO, HOW DO WE CATCH UP?
  3. IS PHILLY’S “TAP” WATER PROGRAM WORKING?
  4. Ian Harris
  5. Melissa Ostroff
  6. THE WATER BILLS ARE WAY TOO HIGH
  7. THE KEY TO APPROACHING FRONTLINE COMMUNITIES ON ALL THINGS GREEN
  8. ICYMI: Watch highlights, panels at ecoWURD’s 2021 Environmental Justice Summit
  9. BLACK MOTHERS NEED CLEANER & SAFER ENVIRONMENTS – IT’S A PUBLIC HEALTH IMPERATIVE
  10. USING DANCE TO SAVE A RIVER
  11. TRACKING PHILADELPHIA’S AIR QUALITY
  12. GETTING RELIGIOUS ON CLIMATE CRISIS
  13. WE NEED MORE BLACK PEOPLE IN AGRICULTURE
  14. WHEN THERE’S NO CLEAN ENVIRONMENT, WE HAVE NOTHING
  15. A PREMATURE END TO EVICTION MORATORIUMS
  16. THE LACK OF BELIEF IN CLIMATE CRISIS IS JUST AS MUCH A THREAT
  17. YOU CAN’T HAVE RACIAL JUSTICE WITHOUT FAIR HOUSING
  18. RUN OVER THE SYSTEMS: THE FUTURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISM
  19. PENNSYLVANIA IS “WAY BEHIND” ON SOLAR. HOW DOES IT CATCH UP?
  20. Pandemic Relief For Black Farmers Still Is Not Enough
  21. A BLUEPRINT FOR THE NEXT URBANISM
  22. THAT ELECTRONIC & CLOTHING WASTE PILES UP. SO WHERE TO PUT IT?
  23. THE WOMB IS THE FIRST ENVIRONMENT
  24. A FRIDGE FOR EVERYONE WHO’S HUNGRY
  25. OLD SCHOOL FOSSIL FUEL ECONOMY VS. NEW SCHOOL CLEAN ENERGY ECONOMY
  26. ENVIRONMENTAL INJUSTICE IS THE TOP SOCIAL JUSTICE PRIORITY
  27. IN 2020, DID “BIG GREEN” BECOME LESS WHITE?
  28. CLIMATE ACTION CAN POWER OUR RECOVERY
  29. IN PANDEMIC, AN HBCU DOES IT BETTER
  30. A DANGEROUS LACK OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE PROTECTIONS
  31. HOW FAST CAN A BIDEN PRESIDENCY MOVE ON CLIMATE ISSUES?
  32. CRAFTING A BLACK-DRIVEN CORONAVIRUS AND CLIMATE “STIMULUS” AGENDA
  33. Penn to donate $100 million to Philadelphia school district to help public school children
  34. BLACK ECOLOGIES IN TIDEWATER VIRGINIA
  35. WHAT IS “FROM THE SOURCE REPORTING?”
  36. LEADERSHIP IN ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE
  37. THE ECOWURD SUMMIT LAUNCH
  38. National Geographic Virtual Photo Camp: Earth Stories Aimed to Elevate Indigenous Youth Voices
  39. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit 2020
  40. TOO MANY NATURAL GAS SPILLS
  41. GREEN IS THE NEW BLACK
  42. BLACK VOTERS ARE THE ECO-VOTERS CLIMATE ACTIVISTS ARE LOOKING FOR
  43. CANNABIS PROFIT & BLACK ECONOMY
  44. THE NATURE GAP
  45. BLACK PEOPLE NEED NATURE
  46. WHAT IS TREEPHILLY?
  47. IS AN OBSCURE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE IN HARRISBURG DOING ENOUGH?
  48. AMERICAN ENVIRONMENTALISM’S RACIST ROOTS
  49. “THERE’S REALLY A LOT OF QUIET SUFFERING OUT THERE
  50. “WE NEED TO GET INTO THE SUPPLY CHAIN”
  51. “AN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW THAT GIVES YOU A VOICE”
  52. URBAN PLANNING AS A TOOL FOR WHITE SUPREMACY
  53. HEAT WAVES REMIND US CLIMATE CHANGE IS STILL HERE
  54. Farming While Black: Soul Fire Farm’s Practical Guide to Liberation on the Land
  55. IN PANDEMIC, MAKING SURE PEOPLE EAT & HOW HBCUs HELP
  56. WE’RE NOT DONE, YET – MORE ACCOUNTABILITY IS NEEDED AT THE PES REFINERY SITE
  57. COVID-19 IS LAYING WASTE TO RECYCLING PROGRAMS
  58. THE PHILADELPHIA HEALTH EQUITY GAPS THAT COVID-19 EXPOSED
  59. THE POWER OF NEW HERBALISM
  60. THERE’S NO RECIPE FOR SUCCESS
  61. ecoWURD Earth Day Summit
  62. ecoWURD Earth Day Summit 2020 Press Release
  63. Too Much Food At Farms, Too Little Food At Stores
  64. THE LINK BETWEEN AIR POLLUTION & COVID-19
  65. CORONAVIRUS REVEALS WHY ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE IS STILL THE CRITICAL ISSUE OF OUR TIME
  66. FROM KATRINA TO CORONAVIRUS, WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED?
  67. COVID-19 SHOWS A BIGGER IMPACT WHERE BLACK PEOPLE LIVE
  68. THE CORONAVIRUS CONVERSATION HAS GOT TO GET A LOT MORE INCLUSIVE THAN THIS
  69. MEDIA’S CLIMATE CHANGE COVERAGE KEEPS BLACK PEOPLE OUT OF IT
  70. “WE DON’T HAVE A CULTURE OF PREPAREDNESS”
  71. PHILADELPHIA HAS A FOOD ECONOMY
  72. HOW URBAN AGRICULTURE CAN IMPROVE FOOD SECURITY IN U.S. CITIES
  73. MAPPING THE LINK BETWEEN INCARCERATION & FOOD INSECURITY
  74. PHILLY’S JAILS ARE, LITERALLY, MAKING PEOPLE SICK
  75. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit 2019
  76. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit
  77. “We Can’t Breathe: Zulene Mayfield’s Lifelong War with Waste ‘Managers’”
  78. “Is The Black Press Reporting on Environmental Issues?” by David Love
  79. “The Dangerous Connection Between Climate Change & Food” an interview with Jacqueline Patterson and Adrienne Hollis
  80. “An Oil Refinery Explosion That Was Never Isolated” by Charles Ellison
  81. “Philly Should Be Going ‘Community Solar'” an interview w/ PA Rep. Donna Bullock
  82. “Is The Litter Index Enough?” an interview w/ Nic Esposito
  83. “How Sugarcane Fires in Florida Are Making Black People Sick” an interview w/ Frank Biden
  84. Philly Farm Social – Video and Pictures
  85. #PHILLYFARMSOCIAL GETS REAL IN THE FIELD
  86. THE LACK OF DIVERSE LEADERS IN THE GREEN SPACE Environmental Advocacy Organizations – especially the “Big Green” – Really Need More Black & Brown People in Senior Positions
  87. PLASTIC BAG BANS CAN BACKFIRE … WHEN YOU HAVE OTHER PLASTICS TO CHOOSE FROM
  88. WE REALLY NEED POLITICAL STRATEGISTS LEADING ON CLIMATE CHANGE – NOT ACADEMICS
  89. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS IN A MUCH MORE CLIMATIC WORLD
  90. A SMALL GERMANTOWN NON-PROFIT “TRADES FOR A DIFFERENCE”
  91. IS PHILLY BLAMING ITS TRASH & RECYCLING CRISIS ON BLACK PEOPLE?
  92. BUT WHAT DOES THE GREEN NEW DEAL MEAN FOR BLACK PEOPLE?
  93. HOW GREEN IS PHILLY’S “GREENWORKS” PLAN?
  94. The Future of Work in Philly’s Green Economy event recap #ecoWURD #phillyisgreen
  95. Bike-friendly cities should be designed for everyone, not just for wealthy white cyclists
  96. RENAMING “GENTRIFICATION”
  97. FOUR GOVERNORS, ONE URBAN WATERSHED IN NEED OF ACTION
  98. JUST HOW BAD IS THE AIR HURTING PHILLY’S BLACK FAMILIES?
  99. EcoWURD Presents:The Future of Work in Philly’s Green Economy
  100. IF YOU ARE LOW-INCOME OR HOMELESS, THE POLAR VORTEX IS LIKE A FORM OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
  101. NOT JUST FLINT: THE WATER CRISIS IN THE BLACK COMMUNITY
  102. DO THE TRAINS STOP RUNNING? THE SHUTDOWN’S IMPACT ON MASS TRANSIT
  103. BLACK WOMEN & THE TROUBLE WITH BABY POWDER
  104. A WHITE COLLAR CRIME VICTIMIZING NICETOWN
  105. IN NORTH CAROLINA, CLIMATE CHANGE & VOTER SUPPRESSION WORKED HAND-IN-HAND
  106. LOW-INCOME NEIGHBORHOODS WOULD GAIN THE MOST FROM GREEN ROOFS
  107. YOUR OWN HOOD: CLOSING THE GENERATIONAL GREEN DIVIDE IN BLACK PHILADELPHIA
  108. THE PRICE OF WATER: LITERAL & FIGURATIVE THIRST AT WORK
  109. THAT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORT TRUMP DIDN’T WANT YOU TO SEE? YEAH, WELL, IT’S THE LAW
  110. RACIAL & ETHNIC MINORITIES ARE MORE VULNERABLE TO WILDFIRES
  111. NO IFS, ANDS OR BUTTS Philly Has a Cigarette Butt Problem
  112. HOW SUSTAINABLE CAN PHILLY GET?
  113. USING AFROFUTURISM TO BUILD THE KIND OF WORLD YOU WANT
  114. UNCOVERING PHILLY’S HIDDEN TOXIC DANGERS …
  115. WILL THE ENVIRONMENT DRIVE VOTERS TO THE POLLS? (PART I)
  116. ARE PHILLY SCHOOLS READY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE?
  117. 🎧 SEPTA CREATES A GAS PROBLEM IN NORTH PHILLY
  118. 🎧 BREAKING THE GREEN RETAIL CEILING
  119. That’s Nasty: The Cost of Trash in Philly
  120. 🎧 How Can You Solarize Philly?
  121. 🎧 “The Environment Should Be an Active, Living Experience”
  122. Philly’s Lead Crisis Is Larger Than Flint’s
  123. Despite What You Heard, Black Millennials Do Care About the Environment
  124. Hurricanes Always Hurt Black Folks the Most
  125. Are You Going to Drink That?
  126. The Origins of ecoWURD
  127. We Seriously Need More Black Climate Disaster Films
  128. 🎧 Why Should Philly Care About a Pipeline?
  129. 🎧 Not Just Hotter Days Ahead… Costly Ones Too
  130. Philly’s Big and Dangerous Hot Mess
Friday, January 28, 2022
  1. FIXING THE STRUGGLE SPACE
  2. SOLAR POLICIES ARE FALLING BEHIND – SO, HOW DO WE CATCH UP?
  3. IS PHILLY’S “TAP” WATER PROGRAM WORKING?
  4. Ian Harris
  5. Melissa Ostroff
  6. THE WATER BILLS ARE WAY TOO HIGH
  7. THE KEY TO APPROACHING FRONTLINE COMMUNITIES ON ALL THINGS GREEN
  8. ICYMI: Watch highlights, panels at ecoWURD’s 2021 Environmental Justice Summit
  9. BLACK MOTHERS NEED CLEANER & SAFER ENVIRONMENTS – IT’S A PUBLIC HEALTH IMPERATIVE
  10. USING DANCE TO SAVE A RIVER
  11. TRACKING PHILADELPHIA’S AIR QUALITY
  12. GETTING RELIGIOUS ON CLIMATE CRISIS
  13. WE NEED MORE BLACK PEOPLE IN AGRICULTURE
  14. WHEN THERE’S NO CLEAN ENVIRONMENT, WE HAVE NOTHING
  15. A PREMATURE END TO EVICTION MORATORIUMS
  16. THE LACK OF BELIEF IN CLIMATE CRISIS IS JUST AS MUCH A THREAT
  17. YOU CAN’T HAVE RACIAL JUSTICE WITHOUT FAIR HOUSING
  18. RUN OVER THE SYSTEMS: THE FUTURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISM
  19. PENNSYLVANIA IS “WAY BEHIND” ON SOLAR. HOW DOES IT CATCH UP?
  20. Pandemic Relief For Black Farmers Still Is Not Enough
  21. A BLUEPRINT FOR THE NEXT URBANISM
  22. THAT ELECTRONIC & CLOTHING WASTE PILES UP. SO WHERE TO PUT IT?
  23. THE WOMB IS THE FIRST ENVIRONMENT
  24. A FRIDGE FOR EVERYONE WHO’S HUNGRY
  25. OLD SCHOOL FOSSIL FUEL ECONOMY VS. NEW SCHOOL CLEAN ENERGY ECONOMY
  26. ENVIRONMENTAL INJUSTICE IS THE TOP SOCIAL JUSTICE PRIORITY
  27. IN 2020, DID “BIG GREEN” BECOME LESS WHITE?
  28. CLIMATE ACTION CAN POWER OUR RECOVERY
  29. IN PANDEMIC, AN HBCU DOES IT BETTER
  30. A DANGEROUS LACK OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE PROTECTIONS
  31. HOW FAST CAN A BIDEN PRESIDENCY MOVE ON CLIMATE ISSUES?
  32. CRAFTING A BLACK-DRIVEN CORONAVIRUS AND CLIMATE “STIMULUS” AGENDA
  33. Penn to donate $100 million to Philadelphia school district to help public school children
  34. BLACK ECOLOGIES IN TIDEWATER VIRGINIA
  35. WHAT IS “FROM THE SOURCE REPORTING?”
  36. LEADERSHIP IN ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE
  37. THE ECOWURD SUMMIT LAUNCH
  38. National Geographic Virtual Photo Camp: Earth Stories Aimed to Elevate Indigenous Youth Voices
  39. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit 2020
  40. TOO MANY NATURAL GAS SPILLS
  41. GREEN IS THE NEW BLACK
  42. BLACK VOTERS ARE THE ECO-VOTERS CLIMATE ACTIVISTS ARE LOOKING FOR
  43. CANNABIS PROFIT & BLACK ECONOMY
  44. THE NATURE GAP
  45. BLACK PEOPLE NEED NATURE
  46. WHAT IS TREEPHILLY?
  47. IS AN OBSCURE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE IN HARRISBURG DOING ENOUGH?
  48. AMERICAN ENVIRONMENTALISM’S RACIST ROOTS
  49. “THERE’S REALLY A LOT OF QUIET SUFFERING OUT THERE
  50. “WE NEED TO GET INTO THE SUPPLY CHAIN”
  51. “AN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW THAT GIVES YOU A VOICE”
  52. URBAN PLANNING AS A TOOL FOR WHITE SUPREMACY
  53. HEAT WAVES REMIND US CLIMATE CHANGE IS STILL HERE
  54. Farming While Black: Soul Fire Farm’s Practical Guide to Liberation on the Land
  55. IN PANDEMIC, MAKING SURE PEOPLE EAT & HOW HBCUs HELP
  56. WE’RE NOT DONE, YET – MORE ACCOUNTABILITY IS NEEDED AT THE PES REFINERY SITE
  57. COVID-19 IS LAYING WASTE TO RECYCLING PROGRAMS
  58. THE PHILADELPHIA HEALTH EQUITY GAPS THAT COVID-19 EXPOSED
  59. THE POWER OF NEW HERBALISM
  60. THERE’S NO RECIPE FOR SUCCESS
  61. ecoWURD Earth Day Summit
  62. ecoWURD Earth Day Summit 2020 Press Release
  63. Too Much Food At Farms, Too Little Food At Stores
  64. THE LINK BETWEEN AIR POLLUTION & COVID-19
  65. CORONAVIRUS REVEALS WHY ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE IS STILL THE CRITICAL ISSUE OF OUR TIME
  66. FROM KATRINA TO CORONAVIRUS, WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED?
  67. COVID-19 SHOWS A BIGGER IMPACT WHERE BLACK PEOPLE LIVE
  68. THE CORONAVIRUS CONVERSATION HAS GOT TO GET A LOT MORE INCLUSIVE THAN THIS
  69. MEDIA’S CLIMATE CHANGE COVERAGE KEEPS BLACK PEOPLE OUT OF IT
  70. “WE DON’T HAVE A CULTURE OF PREPAREDNESS”
  71. PHILADELPHIA HAS A FOOD ECONOMY
  72. HOW URBAN AGRICULTURE CAN IMPROVE FOOD SECURITY IN U.S. CITIES
  73. MAPPING THE LINK BETWEEN INCARCERATION & FOOD INSECURITY
  74. PHILLY’S JAILS ARE, LITERALLY, MAKING PEOPLE SICK
  75. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit 2019
  76. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit
  77. “We Can’t Breathe: Zulene Mayfield’s Lifelong War with Waste ‘Managers’”
  78. “Is The Black Press Reporting on Environmental Issues?” by David Love
  79. “The Dangerous Connection Between Climate Change & Food” an interview with Jacqueline Patterson and Adrienne Hollis
  80. “An Oil Refinery Explosion That Was Never Isolated” by Charles Ellison
  81. “Philly Should Be Going ‘Community Solar'” an interview w/ PA Rep. Donna Bullock
  82. “Is The Litter Index Enough?” an interview w/ Nic Esposito
  83. “How Sugarcane Fires in Florida Are Making Black People Sick” an interview w/ Frank Biden
  84. Philly Farm Social – Video and Pictures
  85. #PHILLYFARMSOCIAL GETS REAL IN THE FIELD
  86. THE LACK OF DIVERSE LEADERS IN THE GREEN SPACE Environmental Advocacy Organizations – especially the “Big Green” – Really Need More Black & Brown People in Senior Positions
  87. PLASTIC BAG BANS CAN BACKFIRE … WHEN YOU HAVE OTHER PLASTICS TO CHOOSE FROM
  88. WE REALLY NEED POLITICAL STRATEGISTS LEADING ON CLIMATE CHANGE – NOT ACADEMICS
  89. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS IN A MUCH MORE CLIMATIC WORLD
  90. A SMALL GERMANTOWN NON-PROFIT “TRADES FOR A DIFFERENCE”
  91. IS PHILLY BLAMING ITS TRASH & RECYCLING CRISIS ON BLACK PEOPLE?
  92. BUT WHAT DOES THE GREEN NEW DEAL MEAN FOR BLACK PEOPLE?
  93. HOW GREEN IS PHILLY’S “GREENWORKS” PLAN?
  94. The Future of Work in Philly’s Green Economy event recap #ecoWURD #phillyisgreen
  95. Bike-friendly cities should be designed for everyone, not just for wealthy white cyclists
  96. RENAMING “GENTRIFICATION”
  97. FOUR GOVERNORS, ONE URBAN WATERSHED IN NEED OF ACTION
  98. JUST HOW BAD IS THE AIR HURTING PHILLY’S BLACK FAMILIES?
  99. EcoWURD Presents:The Future of Work in Philly’s Green Economy
  100. IF YOU ARE LOW-INCOME OR HOMELESS, THE POLAR VORTEX IS LIKE A FORM OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
  101. NOT JUST FLINT: THE WATER CRISIS IN THE BLACK COMMUNITY
  102. DO THE TRAINS STOP RUNNING? THE SHUTDOWN’S IMPACT ON MASS TRANSIT
  103. BLACK WOMEN & THE TROUBLE WITH BABY POWDER
  104. A WHITE COLLAR CRIME VICTIMIZING NICETOWN
  105. IN NORTH CAROLINA, CLIMATE CHANGE & VOTER SUPPRESSION WORKED HAND-IN-HAND
  106. LOW-INCOME NEIGHBORHOODS WOULD GAIN THE MOST FROM GREEN ROOFS
  107. YOUR OWN HOOD: CLOSING THE GENERATIONAL GREEN DIVIDE IN BLACK PHILADELPHIA
  108. THE PRICE OF WATER: LITERAL & FIGURATIVE THIRST AT WORK
  109. THAT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORT TRUMP DIDN’T WANT YOU TO SEE? YEAH, WELL, IT’S THE LAW
  110. RACIAL & ETHNIC MINORITIES ARE MORE VULNERABLE TO WILDFIRES
  111. NO IFS, ANDS OR BUTTS Philly Has a Cigarette Butt Problem
  112. HOW SUSTAINABLE CAN PHILLY GET?
  113. USING AFROFUTURISM TO BUILD THE KIND OF WORLD YOU WANT
  114. UNCOVERING PHILLY’S HIDDEN TOXIC DANGERS …
  115. WILL THE ENVIRONMENT DRIVE VOTERS TO THE POLLS? (PART I)
  116. ARE PHILLY SCHOOLS READY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE?
  117. 🎧 SEPTA CREATES A GAS PROBLEM IN NORTH PHILLY
  118. 🎧 BREAKING THE GREEN RETAIL CEILING
  119. That’s Nasty: The Cost of Trash in Philly
  120. 🎧 How Can You Solarize Philly?
  121. 🎧 “The Environment Should Be an Active, Living Experience”
  122. Philly’s Lead Crisis Is Larger Than Flint’s
  123. Despite What You Heard, Black Millennials Do Care About the Environment
  124. Hurricanes Always Hurt Black Folks the Most
  125. Are You Going to Drink That?
  126. The Origins of ecoWURD
  127. We Seriously Need More Black Climate Disaster Films
  128. 🎧 Why Should Philly Care About a Pipeline?
  129. 🎧 Not Just Hotter Days Ahead… Costly Ones Too
  130. Philly’s Big and Dangerous Hot Mess

By Dr. G.S. Potter | oped

 

When Black women get pregnant, they take extraordinary measures to protect themselves and their unborn children. They change their diets to eliminate toxins like alcohol and caffeine. Some even stop eating fish and soft cheeses. They change their exercise patterns to ensure that they can stay healthy while preventing injury as they adjust to loosening ligaments and shifts in balance.  And they work with their doctors to adjust or eliminate prescription medication that might be harmful to the child they are carrying.  Black women go above and beyond to protect their children – and, of course they do, because this is the gold standard for any woman who gets pregnant. This is the type of preparation and care that medical professionals, in fact, recommend.

 

Yet, despite all of their best efforts there is a threat always looming. They just cannot protect themselves from their zip codes and the environmental hazard those locations present.

 

The  Commonwealth Fund reports that nationwide Black women are 2.5 times as likely to experience pregnancy-related deaths than White women. As devastating as that statistic is, the number of Black women dying from pregnancy related complications grows even higher in certain cities.  According to the Philadelphia Maternal Mortality Review Committee, for example, “Black women are 4 times more likely to die from pregnancy related causes than White women” in the City of Brotherly Love and Sisterly Affection. They account for 74 percent of all pregnancy-related deaths.

 

While efforts are underway to identify the exact causes of this lethal inequity, there is one factor that is consistently overlooked: the environment.

 

While the medical field tends to focus on what Black women are putting into their bodies, there is little focus on the havoc that the environments Black women live in are wreaking on their bodies.  The negative effects of pollution and climate crisis are disproportionately experienced by Black bodies. This is no mistake.  Black people live in Black communities where their needs are neglected.  Black people also live in communities where environmental hazards are generally packed or confined to those spaces so that the effects are not felt by neighboring White communities. For example, numerous studies have found links between higher pollution exposure and rising autism rates in either low-income, distressed or historically disadvantaged Black, Latino and Indigenous communities.

 

There Really is Something in the Air

 

Air pollution caused by smog, motor vehicle emissions, power stations, ground-level ozone, industrial emissions, wood burning, wild fires, and fuel-burning effects the air quality for all residents in places like Philadelphia.  Poor black communities, however, are more frequently inundated with pollutants than White communities.  Oil refineries, power stations, congested intersections, and industrial areas are not surrounded by wealthy White Philadelphians living in well ventilated homes.  They are placed in poor Black communities so that White Philadelphia can avoid the worse pollution impacts as those are passed on to their less privileged counterparts.

 

It is in these polluted air-scapes that Black women are having their children.

According to the Center for American Progress:

“… [A]ir pollution can have deleterious effects on maternal health, leading to preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth due to changes in the maternal cardiopulmonary system, systemic inflammation, and placental injury.11 A study examining the association between air pollution and poor maternal health outcomes found that in the 10 years after a California coal power plant closed, there was a 27 percent reduction in the rate of preterm births in the surrounding region.12 The effects of air pollution on maternal health are more pronounced for women of color, including Black mothers.13 Indeed, communities of color and low-income communities are more likely to live near polluting power plants and other hazardous facilities and experience cumulative negative health effects due to this exposure.

One in five Philadelphians suffer from asthma. Air pollution is far more dangerous for those with asthma than those without …. and pregnant women living with asthma are among the most effected.  As the New York Times reports:

“One study found that severe preterm birth, defined as a birth that occurs fewer than 28 weeks into pregnancy, increased by 52 percent for asthmatic mothers exposed to high levels of air pollution.

Most of the studies that examined the link between air pollution and preterm birth or low birth weight found that the risks were greater for black mothers.”

 

Research also shows that preterm births and low birth weight are associated with maternal mortality.  Air pollution is a threat that is killing Black women and children alike. But that is not the only lethal threat they face.

 

The Impact of “Heat Deserts”

 

Just as Black communities are located in areas with businesses and activities that cause air pollution, they are also locked heat deserts during times where record temperatures are being broken and reset regularly.

The BBC reports:

“In all but six of the 175 largest urbanised areas in the continental US, people of colour endure much greater heat impacts in summer.

For black people this was particularly stark. The researchers say they are exposed to an extra 3.12C of heating, on average, in urban neighbourhoods, compared to an extra 1.47C for white people.”

 

Philadelphia is a prime example.  As the City itself reports

 

“Some parts of Philadelphia can be as many as 22°F hotter than other neighborhoods. When looking at the index, the blocks in red are the hottest places in the city. These blocks are located in the central regions of North, West, and South Philadelphia. Tall buildings, roads and pavement, and black rooftops on homes trap in heat, and a lack of trees and vegetation prevent the area from cooling down. This is called the ‘urban heat island effect.’”

 

Extreme heat can lead to heat stroke and other heat-related illnesses.  It can also lead to dehydration which, according to Climate Health Connect, “releases labor-inducing hormones.”  Extreme heat events can thus lead to preterm birth, low birth weight and infant mortality.  They can also lead to maternal mortality. And once again, the Black women forced to reside in neighborhoods where “urban heat islands” proliferate are at greater risk than their more privileged white counterparts.

 

Trash Impacts Pregnancies

 

Black women are also disproportionately forced to carry their children in areas where trash and solid waste are piling up on the streets. The failure of cities to provide adequate sewage and waste management is also costing the lives of the Black mothers that reside there. This is particularly prevalent for Philadelphia during pandemic, a time when the region finds itself struggling with waste management woes and piling trash. Trash is even piling up in the yards of Philadelphia schools where Black children learn.

 

Ecube Labs explains …

 

“Overflowing waste bins are an ideal breeding ground for bacteria, insects and vermin. The flies that visit the garbage are also the same flies that roam around your lunch buffet and drop their offsprings on your plate. By doing so, they increase the risk of you contracting with salmonella, which causes typhoid fever, food poisoning, enteric fever, gastroenteritis, and other major illnesses. Besides flies, other animals that thrive from the garbage in and around the containers include rats, foxes and stray dogs.”

 

Waste can also lead to respiratory problems, skin and blood infections, and intestinal issues. Overflows of trash also contribute to air pollution and water contamination.  Philadelphia is infamous for refusing to implement proper sewage and waste disposal programs.  And low income Black communities in the areas of Southwest Philadelphia, North Philadelphia, South Philadelphia and West Philadelphia are the hardest hit.

 

Interestingly enough, more affluent and middle class white communities are not suffering from trash overflows.  The pregnant women who reside in these communities are not facing the threats caused by hazardous waste piles. Instead, it is Black women that are absorbing these attacks on their health and their unborn (and already born) children.

 

How Do We Fix This?

 

If we want to lower the rates of maternal (and infant) mortality in the Black community, we have to do the work of cleaning up the environments that they are carrying their children in. We also have to provide extra protection while they are still in those places.

 

And, first and foremost, low-income Black women need better access to medical care.

 

In 2019, the Black Maternal Mortality Caucus was established in Congress. In 2020, this caucus produced the Black Maternal Health Momnibus Act, which was just reintroduced by the Caucus and is currently being reviewed by the House of Representatives.  This act seeks to expand medical care for low income Black women.  This is crucial. As the Philadelphia Maternal Mortality Committee notes, “… [c]urrently, women with Medicaid lose their insurance 60 days after delivery. Of all pregnancy associated deaths, 75% of women had Medicaid and 6% had no insurance at the time of their pregnancy.”

 

Lack of proximity to doctors and lack of access to transportation also prevent pregnant Black women from being able to access the care they need to increase their chances of survival. That’s a geographical problem that can only be explained by years of systemic racism. By expanding access to health insurance, more Black women can increase the chance that they will receive the care they need to have healthy pregnancies and deliveries.

 

Once Black women access medical care, though, they need to be assessed for exposure to environmental hazards and assisted accordingly. Doctors should be instructed to identify whether or not patients are living in areas with waste hazards, heat islands, and air pollution. There is currently a movement of medical students, residents and professionals who are demanding training for exactly that. They should then work closely with patients to monitor their health in relation to these hazards and provide information that will increase their chances of a healthy delivery.

 

Organizations at the state, local, and federal level have been formed to collect data and make recommendations in efforts to confront the maternal mortality crisis.  A number of Maternal Mortality Review Committees have been formed to accomplish these goals: to date, we see these in 49 states, plus the District of Columbia, New York City, Philadelphia and Puerto Rico. These committees should be instructed to collect data regarding exposure to environmental hazards and maternal health. They should also be charged with making environmentally focused recommendations to policymakers.

It is now essential that air pollution, heat islands and waste disposal impacts are confronted and mitigated head on. Cities like Philadelphia need to treat their poor Black communities with the same respect and response they treat their wealthy White communities.  They need to pick up their trash and keep their streets clean.  Heat deserts must be cooled off by planting trees in and around heat zones, installing green roofs and cooling roofs, and passing legislation that ensures that landlords are responsible for managing maximum temperatures just as they are responsible for managing minimum temperatures. Aggressive efforts must be taken to reduce ground level ozone, industrial air pollution and pollution caused by power plants. Shifting to solar and increasing the efficiency of public transportation would facilitate this reduction.

 

And cities like Philadelphia must be held accountable for inequitably distributing the hazards of environmental degradation to low income Black communities.  Zoning laws and processes should be examined and altered to prevent poor Black communities from being dumping grounds. Patterns of environmental hazard distribution should be examined for potential Fourteenth Amendment discrimination lawsuits.  Legislation should be passed to lower the emission production allowed by the city’s largest pollution producers.

 

Every last one of these measures would not only help clean up the cities that implement them, but they would quite literally save the lives of Black women and their unborn babies. Black women are dying from pregnancy related complications at unacceptably high rates.  If we want to save their lives, we need to not only take care of them, but we need to surround them with the healthiest environments possible.