1. The Gentrification Problem: The Environmental Crisis of Unaffordable Housing
  2. The Roots Run Deep: The Environmental Crisis of Unaffordable Housing
  3. There Is No Cost to Live: The Environmental Crisis of Unaffordable Housing
  4. Fixing Up Philly’s Homes: Charles Ellison for WHYY
  5. Punishment Past Prison Walls: Environmental injustice in the Carceral State
  6. RACISM IN THE WATER
  7. THE “INFLATION REDUCTION ACT” IS NOW LAW. SO, HOW DOES IT HELP BLACK PHILLY?
  8. PHILADELPHIA HAS AN AIR TOXIN PROBLEM. WHAT IS THE CITY GOVERNMENT GOING TO DO TO FIX IT?
  9. Want to end gun violence now? Let’s save Philly block by block
  10. Here are steps Philly could take to cool urban heat islands
  11. The gas prices conversation we should be having
  12. Reclaiming Black land is challenging but not impossible
  13. Black clergy: Churches can sway views on climate crisis
  14. Can old Philadelphia refineries be cleaned up and restored?
  15. Here’s how Black Philadelphia can help in the environmental justice battle
  16. City Launches Environmental Justice Advisory Commission
  17. FIXING THE STRUGGLE SPACE
  18. SOLAR POLICIES ARE FALLING BEHIND – SO, HOW DO WE CATCH UP?
  19. IS PHILLY’S “TAP” WATER PROGRAM WORKING?
  20. Ian Harris
  21. Melissa Ostroff
  22. THE WATER BILLS ARE WAY TOO HIGH
  23. THE KEY TO APPROACHING FRONTLINE COMMUNITIES ON ALL THINGS GREEN
  24. ICYMI: Watch highlights, panels at ecoWURD’s 2021 Environmental Justice Summit
  25. BLACK MOTHERS NEED CLEANER & SAFER ENVIRONMENTS – IT’S A PUBLIC HEALTH IMPERATIVE
  26. USING DANCE TO SAVE A RIVER
  27. TRACKING PHILADELPHIA’S AIR QUALITY
  28. GETTING RELIGIOUS ON CLIMATE CRISIS
  29. WE NEED MORE BLACK PEOPLE IN AGRICULTURE
  30. WHEN THERE’S NO CLEAN ENVIRONMENT, WE HAVE NOTHING
  31. A PREMATURE END TO EVICTION MORATORIUMS
  32. THE LACK OF BELIEF IN CLIMATE CRISIS IS JUST AS MUCH A THREAT
  33. YOU CAN’T HAVE RACIAL JUSTICE WITHOUT FAIR HOUSING
  34. RUN OVER THE SYSTEMS: THE FUTURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISM
  35. PENNSYLVANIA IS “WAY BEHIND” ON SOLAR. HOW DOES IT CATCH UP?
  36. Pandemic Relief For Black Farmers Still Is Not Enough
  37. A BLUEPRINT FOR THE NEXT URBANISM
  38. THAT ELECTRONIC & CLOTHING WASTE PILES UP. SO WHERE TO PUT IT?
  39. THE WOMB IS THE FIRST ENVIRONMENT
  40. WILL THERE BE ANY MASS TRANSIT LEFT AFTER PANDEMIC?
  41. A FRIDGE FOR EVERYONE WHO’S HUNGRY
  42. OLD SCHOOL FOSSIL FUEL ECONOMY VS. NEW SCHOOL CLEAN ENERGY ECONOMY
  43. ENVIRONMENTAL INJUSTICE IS THE TOP SOCIAL JUSTICE PRIORITY
  44. IN 2020, DID “BIG GREEN” BECOME LESS WHITE?
  45. CLIMATE ACTION CAN POWER OUR RECOVERY
  46. IN PANDEMIC, AN HBCU DOES IT BETTER
  47. A DANGEROUS LACK OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE PROTECTIONS
  48. HOW FAST CAN A BIDEN PRESIDENCY MOVE ON CLIMATE ISSUES?
  49. CRAFTING A BLACK-DRIVEN CORONAVIRUS AND CLIMATE “STIMULUS” AGENDA
  50. Penn to donate $100 million to Philadelphia school district to help public school children
  51. BLACK ECOLOGIES IN TIDEWATER VIRGINIA
  52. WHAT IS “FROM THE SOURCE REPORTING?”
  53. LEADERSHIP IN ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE
  54. THE ECOWURD SUMMIT LAUNCH
  55. National Geographic Virtual Photo Camp: Earth Stories Aimed to Elevate Indigenous Youth Voices
  56. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit 2020
  57. THE PLAN FOR A 100 PERCENT CLEAN FUTURE IS SAVING NATURE
  58. WHAT SHOULD A PRESIDENT’S ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE AGENDA LOOK LIKE?
  59. THE NEED FOR ABOLITIONIST TEACHING
  60. PUBLIC LANDS & SAVING NATURE
  61. TOO MANY NATURAL GAS SPILLS
  62. GREEN IS THE NEW BLACK
  63. BLACK VOTERS ARE THE ECO-VOTERS CLIMATE ACTIVISTS ARE LOOKING FOR
  64. CANNABIS PROFIT & BLACK ECONOMY
  65. THE NATURE GAP
  66. BLACK PEOPLE NEED NATURE
  67. WHAT IS TREEPHILLY?
  68. IS AN OBSCURE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE IN HARRISBURG DOING ENOUGH?
  69. AMERICAN ENVIRONMENTALISM’S RACIST ROOTS
  70. “THERE’S REALLY A LOT OF QUIET SUFFERING OUT THERE
  71. “WE NEED TO GET INTO THE SUPPLY CHAIN”
  72. “AN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW THAT GIVES YOU A VOICE”
  73. URBAN PLANNING AS A TOOL FOR WHITE SUPREMACY
  74. HEAT WAVES REMIND US CLIMATE CHANGE IS STILL HERE
  75. Farming While Black: Soul Fire Farm’s Practical Guide to Liberation on the Land
  76. IN PANDEMIC, MAKING SURE PEOPLE EAT & HOW HBCUs HELP
  77. WE’RE NOT DONE, YET – MORE ACCOUNTABILITY IS NEEDED AT THE PES REFINERY SITE
  78. COVID-19 IS LAYING WASTE TO RECYCLING PROGRAMS
  79. THE PHILADELPHIA HEALTH EQUITY GAPS THAT COVID-19 EXPOSED
  80. THE POWER OF NEW HERBALISM
  81. THERE’S NO RECIPE FOR SUCCESS
  82. ecoWURD Earth Day Summit
  83. ecoWURD Earth Day Summit 2020 Press Release
  84. Too Much Food At Farms, Too Little Food At Stores
  85. THE LINK BETWEEN AIR POLLUTION & COVID-19
  86. CORONAVIRUS REVEALS WHY ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE IS STILL THE CRITICAL ISSUE OF OUR TIME
  87. FROM KATRINA TO CORONAVIRUS, WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED?
  88. COVID-19 SHOWS A BIGGER IMPACT WHERE BLACK PEOPLE LIVE
  89. THE CORONAVIRUS CONVERSATION HAS GOT TO GET A LOT MORE INCLUSIVE THAN THIS
  90. MEDIA’S CLIMATE CHANGE COVERAGE KEEPS BLACK PEOPLE OUT OF IT
  91. “WE DON’T HAVE A CULTURE OF PREPAREDNESS”
  92. PHILADELPHIA HAS A FOOD ECONOMY
  93. HOW URBAN AGRICULTURE CAN IMPROVE FOOD SECURITY IN U.S. CITIES
  94. MAPPING THE LINK BETWEEN INCARCERATION & FOOD INSECURITY
  95. PHILLY’S JAILS ARE, LITERALLY, MAKING PEOPLE SICK
  96. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit 2019
  97. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit
  98. “We Can’t Breathe: Zulene Mayfield’s Lifelong War with Waste ‘Managers’”
  99. “Is The Black Press Reporting on Environmental Issues?” by David Love
  100. “The Dangerous Connection Between Climate Change & Food” an interview with Jacqueline Patterson and Adrienne Hollis
  101. “An Oil Refinery Explosion That Was Never Isolated” by Charles Ellison
  102. “Philly Should Be Going ‘Community Solar'” an interview w/ PA Rep. Donna Bullock
  103. “Is The Litter Index Enough?” an interview w/ Nic Esposito
  104. “How Sugarcane Fires in Florida Are Making Black People Sick” an interview w/ Frank Biden
  105. Philly Farm Social – Video and Pictures
  106. #PHILLYFARMSOCIAL GETS REAL IN THE FIELD
  107. THE LACK OF DIVERSE LEADERS IN THE GREEN SPACE Environmental Advocacy Organizations – especially the “Big Green” – Really Need More Black & Brown People in Senior Positions
  108. PLASTIC BAG BANS CAN BACKFIRE … WHEN YOU HAVE OTHER PLASTICS TO CHOOSE FROM
  109. WE REALLY NEED POLITICAL STRATEGISTS LEADING ON CLIMATE CHANGE – NOT ACADEMICS
  110. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS IN A MUCH MORE CLIMATIC WORLD
  111. A SMALL GERMANTOWN NON-PROFIT “TRADES FOR A DIFFERENCE”
  112. IS PHILLY BLAMING ITS TRASH & RECYCLING CRISIS ON BLACK PEOPLE?
  113. BUT WHAT DOES THE GREEN NEW DEAL MEAN FOR BLACK PEOPLE?
  114. HOW GREEN IS PHILLY’S “GREENWORKS” PLAN?
  115. The Future of Work in Philly’s Green Economy event recap #ecoWURD #phillyisgreen
  116. Bike-friendly cities should be designed for everyone, not just for wealthy white cyclists
  117. RENAMING “GENTRIFICATION”
  118. FOUR GOVERNORS, ONE URBAN WATERSHED IN NEED OF ACTION
  119. JUST HOW BAD IS THE AIR HURTING PHILLY’S BLACK FAMILIES?
  120. EcoWURD Presents:The Future of Work in Philly’s Green Economy
  121. IF YOU ARE LOW-INCOME OR HOMELESS, THE POLAR VORTEX IS LIKE A FORM OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
  122. NOT JUST FLINT: THE WATER CRISIS IN THE BLACK COMMUNITY
  123. DO THE TRAINS STOP RUNNING? THE SHUTDOWN’S IMPACT ON MASS TRANSIT
  124. BLACK WOMEN & THE TROUBLE WITH BABY POWDER
  125. A WHITE COLLAR CRIME VICTIMIZING NICETOWN
  126. IN NORTH CAROLINA, CLIMATE CHANGE & VOTER SUPPRESSION WORKED HAND-IN-HAND
  127. LOW-INCOME NEIGHBORHOODS WOULD GAIN THE MOST FROM GREEN ROOFS
  128. YOUR OWN HOOD: CLOSING THE GENERATIONAL GREEN DIVIDE IN BLACK PHILADELPHIA
  129. THE PRICE OF WATER: LITERAL & FIGURATIVE THIRST AT WORK
  130. THAT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORT TRUMP DIDN’T WANT YOU TO SEE? YEAH, WELL, IT’S THE LAW
  131. RACIAL & ETHNIC MINORITIES ARE MORE VULNERABLE TO WILDFIRES
  132. NO IFS, ANDS OR BUTTS Philly Has a Cigarette Butt Problem
  133. HOW SUSTAINABLE CAN PHILLY GET?
  134. USING AFROFUTURISM TO BUILD THE KIND OF WORLD YOU WANT
  135. UNCOVERING PHILLY’S HIDDEN TOXIC DANGERS …
  136. WILL THE ENVIRONMENT DRIVE VOTERS TO THE POLLS? (PART I)
  137. ARE PHILLY SCHOOLS READY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE?
  138. 🎧 SEPTA CREATES A GAS PROBLEM IN NORTH PHILLY
  139. 🎧 BREAKING THE GREEN RETAIL CEILING
  140. That’s Nasty: The Cost of Trash in Philly
  141. 🎧 How Can You Solarize Philly?
  142. 🎧 “The Environment Should Be an Active, Living Experience”
  143. Philly’s Lead Crisis Is Larger Than Flint’s
  144. Despite What You Heard, Black Millennials Do Care About the Environment
  145. Hurricanes Always Hurt Black Folks the Most
  146. Are You Going to Drink That?
  147. The Origins of ecoWURD
  148. We Seriously Need More Black Climate Disaster Films
  149. 🎧 Why Should Philly Care About a Pipeline?
  150. 🎧 Not Just Hotter Days Ahead… Costly Ones Too
  151. Philly’s Big and Dangerous Hot Mess
Monday, January 30, 2023
  1. The Gentrification Problem: The Environmental Crisis of Unaffordable Housing
  2. The Roots Run Deep: The Environmental Crisis of Unaffordable Housing
  3. There Is No Cost to Live: The Environmental Crisis of Unaffordable Housing
  4. Fixing Up Philly’s Homes: Charles Ellison for WHYY
  5. Punishment Past Prison Walls: Environmental injustice in the Carceral State
  6. RACISM IN THE WATER
  7. THE “INFLATION REDUCTION ACT” IS NOW LAW. SO, HOW DOES IT HELP BLACK PHILLY?
  8. PHILADELPHIA HAS AN AIR TOXIN PROBLEM. WHAT IS THE CITY GOVERNMENT GOING TO DO TO FIX IT?
  9. Want to end gun violence now? Let’s save Philly block by block
  10. Here are steps Philly could take to cool urban heat islands
  11. The gas prices conversation we should be having
  12. Reclaiming Black land is challenging but not impossible
  13. Black clergy: Churches can sway views on climate crisis
  14. Can old Philadelphia refineries be cleaned up and restored?
  15. Here’s how Black Philadelphia can help in the environmental justice battle
  16. City Launches Environmental Justice Advisory Commission
  17. FIXING THE STRUGGLE SPACE
  18. SOLAR POLICIES ARE FALLING BEHIND – SO, HOW DO WE CATCH UP?
  19. IS PHILLY’S “TAP” WATER PROGRAM WORKING?
  20. Ian Harris
  21. Melissa Ostroff
  22. THE WATER BILLS ARE WAY TOO HIGH
  23. THE KEY TO APPROACHING FRONTLINE COMMUNITIES ON ALL THINGS GREEN
  24. ICYMI: Watch highlights, panels at ecoWURD’s 2021 Environmental Justice Summit
  25. BLACK MOTHERS NEED CLEANER & SAFER ENVIRONMENTS – IT’S A PUBLIC HEALTH IMPERATIVE
  26. USING DANCE TO SAVE A RIVER
  27. TRACKING PHILADELPHIA’S AIR QUALITY
  28. GETTING RELIGIOUS ON CLIMATE CRISIS
  29. WE NEED MORE BLACK PEOPLE IN AGRICULTURE
  30. WHEN THERE’S NO CLEAN ENVIRONMENT, WE HAVE NOTHING
  31. A PREMATURE END TO EVICTION MORATORIUMS
  32. THE LACK OF BELIEF IN CLIMATE CRISIS IS JUST AS MUCH A THREAT
  33. YOU CAN’T HAVE RACIAL JUSTICE WITHOUT FAIR HOUSING
  34. RUN OVER THE SYSTEMS: THE FUTURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISM
  35. PENNSYLVANIA IS “WAY BEHIND” ON SOLAR. HOW DOES IT CATCH UP?
  36. Pandemic Relief For Black Farmers Still Is Not Enough
  37. A BLUEPRINT FOR THE NEXT URBANISM
  38. THAT ELECTRONIC & CLOTHING WASTE PILES UP. SO WHERE TO PUT IT?
  39. THE WOMB IS THE FIRST ENVIRONMENT
  40. WILL THERE BE ANY MASS TRANSIT LEFT AFTER PANDEMIC?
  41. A FRIDGE FOR EVERYONE WHO’S HUNGRY
  42. OLD SCHOOL FOSSIL FUEL ECONOMY VS. NEW SCHOOL CLEAN ENERGY ECONOMY
  43. ENVIRONMENTAL INJUSTICE IS THE TOP SOCIAL JUSTICE PRIORITY
  44. IN 2020, DID “BIG GREEN” BECOME LESS WHITE?
  45. CLIMATE ACTION CAN POWER OUR RECOVERY
  46. IN PANDEMIC, AN HBCU DOES IT BETTER
  47. A DANGEROUS LACK OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE PROTECTIONS
  48. HOW FAST CAN A BIDEN PRESIDENCY MOVE ON CLIMATE ISSUES?
  49. CRAFTING A BLACK-DRIVEN CORONAVIRUS AND CLIMATE “STIMULUS” AGENDA
  50. Penn to donate $100 million to Philadelphia school district to help public school children
  51. BLACK ECOLOGIES IN TIDEWATER VIRGINIA
  52. WHAT IS “FROM THE SOURCE REPORTING?”
  53. LEADERSHIP IN ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE
  54. THE ECOWURD SUMMIT LAUNCH
  55. National Geographic Virtual Photo Camp: Earth Stories Aimed to Elevate Indigenous Youth Voices
  56. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit 2020
  57. THE PLAN FOR A 100 PERCENT CLEAN FUTURE IS SAVING NATURE
  58. WHAT SHOULD A PRESIDENT’S ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE AGENDA LOOK LIKE?
  59. THE NEED FOR ABOLITIONIST TEACHING
  60. PUBLIC LANDS & SAVING NATURE
  61. TOO MANY NATURAL GAS SPILLS
  62. GREEN IS THE NEW BLACK
  63. BLACK VOTERS ARE THE ECO-VOTERS CLIMATE ACTIVISTS ARE LOOKING FOR
  64. CANNABIS PROFIT & BLACK ECONOMY
  65. THE NATURE GAP
  66. BLACK PEOPLE NEED NATURE
  67. WHAT IS TREEPHILLY?
  68. IS AN OBSCURE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE IN HARRISBURG DOING ENOUGH?
  69. AMERICAN ENVIRONMENTALISM’S RACIST ROOTS
  70. “THERE’S REALLY A LOT OF QUIET SUFFERING OUT THERE
  71. “WE NEED TO GET INTO THE SUPPLY CHAIN”
  72. “AN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW THAT GIVES YOU A VOICE”
  73. URBAN PLANNING AS A TOOL FOR WHITE SUPREMACY
  74. HEAT WAVES REMIND US CLIMATE CHANGE IS STILL HERE
  75. Farming While Black: Soul Fire Farm’s Practical Guide to Liberation on the Land
  76. IN PANDEMIC, MAKING SURE PEOPLE EAT & HOW HBCUs HELP
  77. WE’RE NOT DONE, YET – MORE ACCOUNTABILITY IS NEEDED AT THE PES REFINERY SITE
  78. COVID-19 IS LAYING WASTE TO RECYCLING PROGRAMS
  79. THE PHILADELPHIA HEALTH EQUITY GAPS THAT COVID-19 EXPOSED
  80. THE POWER OF NEW HERBALISM
  81. THERE’S NO RECIPE FOR SUCCESS
  82. ecoWURD Earth Day Summit
  83. ecoWURD Earth Day Summit 2020 Press Release
  84. Too Much Food At Farms, Too Little Food At Stores
  85. THE LINK BETWEEN AIR POLLUTION & COVID-19
  86. CORONAVIRUS REVEALS WHY ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE IS STILL THE CRITICAL ISSUE OF OUR TIME
  87. FROM KATRINA TO CORONAVIRUS, WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED?
  88. COVID-19 SHOWS A BIGGER IMPACT WHERE BLACK PEOPLE LIVE
  89. THE CORONAVIRUS CONVERSATION HAS GOT TO GET A LOT MORE INCLUSIVE THAN THIS
  90. MEDIA’S CLIMATE CHANGE COVERAGE KEEPS BLACK PEOPLE OUT OF IT
  91. “WE DON’T HAVE A CULTURE OF PREPAREDNESS”
  92. PHILADELPHIA HAS A FOOD ECONOMY
  93. HOW URBAN AGRICULTURE CAN IMPROVE FOOD SECURITY IN U.S. CITIES
  94. MAPPING THE LINK BETWEEN INCARCERATION & FOOD INSECURITY
  95. PHILLY’S JAILS ARE, LITERALLY, MAKING PEOPLE SICK
  96. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit 2019
  97. ecoWURD Environmental Justice Summit
  98. “We Can’t Breathe: Zulene Mayfield’s Lifelong War with Waste ‘Managers’”
  99. “Is The Black Press Reporting on Environmental Issues?” by David Love
  100. “The Dangerous Connection Between Climate Change & Food” an interview with Jacqueline Patterson and Adrienne Hollis
  101. “An Oil Refinery Explosion That Was Never Isolated” by Charles Ellison
  102. “Philly Should Be Going ‘Community Solar'” an interview w/ PA Rep. Donna Bullock
  103. “Is The Litter Index Enough?” an interview w/ Nic Esposito
  104. “How Sugarcane Fires in Florida Are Making Black People Sick” an interview w/ Frank Biden
  105. Philly Farm Social – Video and Pictures
  106. #PHILLYFARMSOCIAL GETS REAL IN THE FIELD
  107. THE LACK OF DIVERSE LEADERS IN THE GREEN SPACE Environmental Advocacy Organizations – especially the “Big Green” – Really Need More Black & Brown People in Senior Positions
  108. PLASTIC BAG BANS CAN BACKFIRE … WHEN YOU HAVE OTHER PLASTICS TO CHOOSE FROM
  109. WE REALLY NEED POLITICAL STRATEGISTS LEADING ON CLIMATE CHANGE – NOT ACADEMICS
  110. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS IN A MUCH MORE CLIMATIC WORLD
  111. A SMALL GERMANTOWN NON-PROFIT “TRADES FOR A DIFFERENCE”
  112. IS PHILLY BLAMING ITS TRASH & RECYCLING CRISIS ON BLACK PEOPLE?
  113. BUT WHAT DOES THE GREEN NEW DEAL MEAN FOR BLACK PEOPLE?
  114. HOW GREEN IS PHILLY’S “GREENWORKS” PLAN?
  115. The Future of Work in Philly’s Green Economy event recap #ecoWURD #phillyisgreen
  116. Bike-friendly cities should be designed for everyone, not just for wealthy white cyclists
  117. RENAMING “GENTRIFICATION”
  118. FOUR GOVERNORS, ONE URBAN WATERSHED IN NEED OF ACTION
  119. JUST HOW BAD IS THE AIR HURTING PHILLY’S BLACK FAMILIES?
  120. EcoWURD Presents:The Future of Work in Philly’s Green Economy
  121. IF YOU ARE LOW-INCOME OR HOMELESS, THE POLAR VORTEX IS LIKE A FORM OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
  122. NOT JUST FLINT: THE WATER CRISIS IN THE BLACK COMMUNITY
  123. DO THE TRAINS STOP RUNNING? THE SHUTDOWN’S IMPACT ON MASS TRANSIT
  124. BLACK WOMEN & THE TROUBLE WITH BABY POWDER
  125. A WHITE COLLAR CRIME VICTIMIZING NICETOWN
  126. IN NORTH CAROLINA, CLIMATE CHANGE & VOTER SUPPRESSION WORKED HAND-IN-HAND
  127. LOW-INCOME NEIGHBORHOODS WOULD GAIN THE MOST FROM GREEN ROOFS
  128. YOUR OWN HOOD: CLOSING THE GENERATIONAL GREEN DIVIDE IN BLACK PHILADELPHIA
  129. THE PRICE OF WATER: LITERAL & FIGURATIVE THIRST AT WORK
  130. THAT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORT TRUMP DIDN’T WANT YOU TO SEE? YEAH, WELL, IT’S THE LAW
  131. RACIAL & ETHNIC MINORITIES ARE MORE VULNERABLE TO WILDFIRES
  132. NO IFS, ANDS OR BUTTS Philly Has a Cigarette Butt Problem
  133. HOW SUSTAINABLE CAN PHILLY GET?
  134. USING AFROFUTURISM TO BUILD THE KIND OF WORLD YOU WANT
  135. UNCOVERING PHILLY’S HIDDEN TOXIC DANGERS …
  136. WILL THE ENVIRONMENT DRIVE VOTERS TO THE POLLS? (PART I)
  137. ARE PHILLY SCHOOLS READY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE?
  138. 🎧 SEPTA CREATES A GAS PROBLEM IN NORTH PHILLY
  139. 🎧 BREAKING THE GREEN RETAIL CEILING
  140. That’s Nasty: The Cost of Trash in Philly
  141. 🎧 How Can You Solarize Philly?
  142. 🎧 “The Environment Should Be an Active, Living Experience”
  143. Philly’s Lead Crisis Is Larger Than Flint’s
  144. Despite What You Heard, Black Millennials Do Care About the Environment
  145. Hurricanes Always Hurt Black Folks the Most
  146. Are You Going to Drink That?
  147. The Origins of ecoWURD
  148. We Seriously Need More Black Climate Disaster Films
  149. 🎧 Why Should Philly Care About a Pipeline?
  150. 🎧 Not Just Hotter Days Ahead… Costly Ones Too
  151. Philly’s Big and Dangerous Hot Mess

Johnson & Johnson represents a global $350 billion dollar empire from a 133 year old legacy of success with hygiene, hair and health care products. Yet, it’s facing over 11,000 more lawsuits in the coming year and troubling public charges that one of its more famous products, baby powder, is giving numerous Black women cancer.

Baby powder has always defined Johnson & Johnson’s success.  But, in recent years, it has found itself embroiled in revealing lawsuits and billion dollar payouts to numerous cancer victims over allegations that it knowingly marketed a carcinogenic product with no warning labels.  A barrage of legal problems are mounting, including foreign bribery, consumer fraud, illegal marketing and cover-ups.

Black women are, unwittingly, at the center of that controversy. Meanwhile, J&J is fast expanding into Africa as questions emerge over how its products may have become a public health crisis for Black people in America.  

THE HIDDEN DANGERS OF THE “PERSONAL CARE” MARKET

In 2015, researchers in California found that 44% of Black women used talcum powder as opposed to 30% of their White counterparts.  Black folks make up about 13 percent of the population of the United States, but account for 22 percent of the $42 billion-a-year personal care products market.  

Black women are nested between an intergenerational pride in self-care and White-influenced standards of beauty. And many critics of corporate marketing methods have argued that such tension makes Black women perfect targets for shady consumer practices.

Which brings us to baby powder. Researchers have long suspected the famously used product, which catapulted J&J to its current success, was cancer causing. And according to a special December 2018 investigative report by Reuters, so did Johnson and Johnson.

There have been a number of studies, more research is ongoing, and the scientific community’s conclusions are mixed.  A 2013 Cancer Prevention Research Journal analysis combined many of those studies and discovered “ … a small-to-moderate (20 to 30 percent) increased risk of ovarian cancer with genital-powder use, most clearly pertaining to non-mucinous epithelial ovarian tumors.”

What’s driven increased speculation and growing concern is a crucial question: Has ubiquitous use of baby powder by African American women been one major cause behind high rates of ovarian cancer in that demographic? Many, like AfroPunk’s Bridget Todd, are convinced it is: “Companies like Johnson & Johnson exploit  Black women by telling us something is wrong with our bodies; then selling us products that can kill us to fix it. About twice as many Black women douche and deodorize compared with our white women,” writes Todd while citing research from Francesca Branch, Tracey J. Woodruff, Susanna D. Mitro and Ami R. Zota. “These researchers found that like baby powder, over-the-counter douches and vaginal deodorizers contain ingredients like phthalates that are linked to cancer.”

In 1992, Bloomberg obtained a memo that would provide useful evidence in state and federal courts across the nation showing Johnson & Johnson knew their baby powder was targeting African American (and Latina) women and that it was linked to cancer.  “Investigate ethnic (African American, Hispanic) opportunities to grow the franchise,” the memo stated. “Johnson’s Baby Powder has a high usage rate among African-Americans (52.0%) and among Hispanics (37.6%) …. The brand can increase volume in 1993 by targeting these groups.”

The memo goes on to note a list of major obstacles. Typed onto that list was negative PR caused by “cancer linkage.”

DO YOU EVEN WANT TO USE THIS ANYMORE?

In 1971, researchers discovered talc particles embedded in 10 of 13 ovarian tumors. The medical community was alerted to this possibility, and in the years since countless studies have confirmed a strong link between talc and ovarian cancer.

It is believed that talc particles travel inside a woman’s body and through the reproductive system before embedding into the ovaries. Initially, researchers assumed that only talc sprinkled near the genital area caused this to happen – but, it was also believed that the talc simply stopped before it entered the abdominal cavity.  

Both of these assumptions may have been, tragically, incorrect.  

Not only does talc continue to move through the body, but it is also associated with increased cancer risks no matter where it is used. That is a stunning development considering talc is a key component in many household items – especially items Black women use – such as cosmetics and deodorants.  

Adding to the dangers of this fine white powder is the fact that talc naturally forms alongside a very dangerous known carcinogen: asbestos.

Alarmingly enough, baby powder has been linked to mesothelioma.  What is mesothelioma? It’s a very vicious form of cancer that attacks the thin tissue protecting most internal organs.  And while treatments are available, most victims will never find a cure for it.

According to the Mesothelioma Center, “Whether a particular talc product contains asbestos has everything to do with its geologic source. If the talc deposit contains asbestos or asbestiform minerals, the products made with that talc are likely contaminated with asbestos.”

The link between talc and mesothelioma has also been well documented since the 1970’s.  Asbestos particles are inhaled and travel into the body through nasal passageways before settling into the lungs and, for those suffering from mesothelioma, causing cancer.

BLACK WOMEN HAVE A TALC PROBLEM

Continued research into linkages between baby powder and cancer puts an unwanted spotlight on J&J’s marketing methods and internal operations. Constant litigation and reporting not only shows evidence they were aware their product contained carcinogenic elements, but they disproportionately ramped up marketing to Black women while having full knowledge of the cancer risks.

Johnson and Johnson could just opt to remove talc from its products and find a healthier alternative. Instead, the company continues absorbing hundreds of millions of dollars in legal payouts. It’s a strange decision. And if the direct talc-cancer linkage is as devastating as some research would suggest, it’s also the type of decision that could be asymmetrically costing the Black community tens of thousands of its women.  

To Johnson and Johnson, however, Black women are considered “major opportunities.”

With 21,000 new cases of ovarian cancer and 3,000 new cases of mesothelioma diagnosed each year, there seems to be a long line of people potentially victimized by carcinogenic products. Many of these cases will, likely, be brought to trial.  

There are already nearly 11,000 liability suits against J&J, with plaintiffs claiming health issues directly connected to the use of baby powder.

Some of those plaintiffs are winning in court. Jaqueline Fox, an African American woman from Alabama, was the first of four women who sued Johnson & Johnson and were awarded a combined $307 million by a St. Louis jury in February 2016. Her family was awarded $72 million dollars, but the verdict was later overturned.  A Missouri appeals court reasoned that because Fox was from Alabama, she had no standing to bring suit in the St. Louis courtroom.  

Then, in December 2018, a Missouri appeals court refused to overturn a verdict awarding $4.7 billion dollars to 22 women that claimed Johnson and Johnson’s talc powder was responsible for their ovarian cancer.

AFRICA: A NEW MARKETING FRONTIER

Overturned cases in California and upheld cases in New Jersey give cancer victims unsure footing as they navigate both fatal disease and unfriendly criminal justice system. One thing, however, is certain: Johnson and Johnson not only refuses to remove talc from troubled products, but it doubles down on claims that their baby powder is perfectly safe while expanding markets into places where tens of millions of more Black women will use those same products.

Clearly, it’s becoming more difficult to penalize Johnson and Johnson in any substantial way for distributing a known carcinogen to women in the United States. But the impoverished women and children in sub-Saharan Africa will likely have little to no medical or legal recourse if this becomes an issue there.  

In 2016, the makers of some of the more familiar name brands in home healthcare – names like Tylenol, Band-aid, Neutrogena, and Clean & Clear – launched a new global public health strategy in Africa. The stated goal: “[to] work in close partnership with local governments and NGOs on the ground to help get the most innovative treatments for such diseases as HIV and tuberculosis to the people who need them the most, as well as develop programs designed to improve access to healthcare for vulnerable communities throughout Africa.”

Along with these innovative treatments, though, Johnson and Johnson will be improving Africa’s access to their “health care” products, most specifically Johnson and Johnson’s troubled baby powder.  That effort began with the 2016 opening of what the company dubbed “global public health operations” in Cape Town, South Africa.  Since then, not only has J&J launched its “Africa Innovation Challenge,” along with the expansion of “Women in Innovation” and “Alliance for Accelerating Excellence in Science in Africa” programs throughout the continent, but it’s also opened additional regional offices in Ghana and Kenya.

Not unlike Black women in the United States, Africa is a land of “major opportunities” … and, incidentally, much fewer regulatory frameworks to reign in abuse.  As a recent Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance report argued, “[p]eople within the African region do not often have access or information that would facilitate the securing of rights and community perspectives on rights have not been codified as law, neither do they feature in actions that impact at a local level.”

What would it then mean when a company introduces a potentially dangerous healthcare product into African markets challenged by a lack of “rule of law?”

Meanwhile, a court in India recently ruled that the beauty and skin-care company must stop using raw materials in their baby powder.  Back in the United States, there are no signs the courts or the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – which relies on companies like J&J to “self-regulate” – are forcing the company to label its products’ risks or to take them off the shelves altogether.  Lawsuits have cost J&J billions of dollars in revenue. Yet, the company’s profit margins are still skyrocketing and show few signs of slowing down – in fact, profits were actually up by 3 percent in 2018. And while the battle over baby powder rages on in America, it’s just beginning in Africa.